Congestion Exposure (re-ECN)

For those who are interested in fair usage policies, QoS and net neutrality this activity could be of relevance for you. Bob Briscoe posted mails to various IETF lists about a potential  BoF or Bar BoF:

I’d like to launch a concrete protocol-specification activity on congestion exposure (with re-ECN as a candidate solution) in Stockholm? Here at the ICCRG in Tokyo, we’ve just agreed that this doesn’t conflict with the new IRTF ICCRG  design team in this space or prejudge any consensus on direction (see background below). The question is purely about timing…

I’m finding that re-ECN seems to feature somewhere in the plans of those expressing an opinion in the ICCRG discussions. My concern: the protocol that will take longest needs to be finished soonest. E.g.
ECN took 7 years from first research paper to proposed standard.

Therefore, I’d like to propose we get started on a specific protocol specification activity, in parallel to the ICCRG design team. We have to set this up so it doesn’t imply it is the *official and only* way forward. But it’s a good punt to be starting on.

My questions are:

  • Do you think discussions should start on building a BoF on “Congestion Exposure” in Stockholm (getting late but still do-able)?
  • Or less ambitiously should we arrange another ad hoc BoF (bar BoF) in Stockholm, building on ICCRG work in Tokyo this week, to get a community together to form a BoF later?
  • Or do people actively oppose anyone doing anything yet on congestion exposure or re-ECN in the IETF or IRTF?

Background on TCP-unfriendly and on re-ECN

You may be aware that, in San Francisco we had discussions in TSVArea (prompted by Matt Mathis’s talk) on whether to move beyond TCP-friendliness as a comprehensive direction for both sharing Internet capacity and future congestion controls. In the IRTF ICCRG the same week it was decided to set up a design team to work on the way forward and propose it in an informational RFC – Matt Mathis has kicked off a first shot <draft-mathis-iccrg-unfriendly-00.txt>. We just had the launch meeting of that design team at the ICCRG here in Tokyo.

Re-ECN is a change to IP to make congestion as transparent to the network as it is to the endpoints (hence congestion exposure). Then:

  1. i) causes of excessive congestion can be kept in check if ISPs choose – but at the bulk packet level like the Internet architecture should be – agnostic to behaviour of individual flows;
  2. ii) and ISPs that under-provision can be held to account as well. (see the end for the status of re-ECN).

Re-ECN status

We’ve been keeping a draft spinning on this proposed change to IP since 2005. It’s still an individual contribution waiting for the right time.

When we first presented it and had subsequent ad hoc BoFs, the idea fell on stony ground. I think because back then few could see the limitations of TCP-friendly. Even if you still think there’s something in TCP-friendly, it was apparent from the lack of any hum it received in SF that we at least need something wider.

It seems re-ECN is one of those things people want someone else to have already done. It gives a permit to be able to work on protocols that are really safe and fair, but they’re not strictly TCP-friendly (e.g. mTCP, relentless, etc). For instance, re-ECN would allow ISPs to count how little congestion LEDBAT traffic was causing, so they need not count it against the user’s allowance, etc.

We’ve now implemented it. There’s now a great amount of security analysis on trying to game it and attack it and how it defends itself. People are working on using it as a basis for other DDoS protection mechanisms. Another is trying to build traffic engineering over it. Others are interested in deploying it using proxies. It’s potential impact on net neutrality etc is being analysed by regulatory and economics people. So has it’s time come?

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